Asclera (polidocanol injection) is a sterile, nonpyrogenic, and colorless to faintly greenish-yellow solution of polidocanol for intravenous use as a sclerosing agent.

The active ingredient, polidocanol is a non-ionic detergent, consisting of two components, a polar hydrophilic (dodecyl alcohol) and an apolar hydrophobic (polyethylene oxide) chain. Polidocanol has the following structural formula:

Asclera (polidocanol) Structural Formula Illustration

C12H25(OCH2CH2)nOH      Polyethylene glycol monododecyl ether

Mean extent of polymerization (n) : Approximately 9
Mean molecular weight : Approximately 600

Each mL contains 5 mg (0.5%) or 10 mg (1.0%) polidocanol in water for injection with 5% (v/v) ethanol at pH 6.5-8.0; disodium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate, potassium dihydrogen phosphate are added for pH adjustment.

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