Intal Nebulizer Solution

DRUG DESCRIPTION

The active ingredient of INTAL Nebulizer Solution is cromolyn sodium, USP. It is an inhaled anti-inflammatory agent for the preventive management of asthma. Cromolyn

sodium is disodium 5,5'-[(2-hydroxytrimethylene)dioxy]bis[4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran-2- carboxylate]. The empirical formula is C23H14Na2O11; the molecular weight is 512.34. Cromolyn sodium is a water soluble, odorless, white, hydrated crystalline powder. It is tasteless at first, but leaves a slightly bitter aftertaste. INTAL Nebulizer Solution (cromolyn sodium inhalation solution) is clear, colorless, sterile, and has a target pH of 5.5. The molecular structure is:

Intal (cromolyn sodium) structural formula illustration

Each 2 mL ampule of INTAL Nebulizer Solution (cromolyn sodium inhalation solution, USP) contains 20 mg cromolyn sodium, USP, in purified water.

What are the possible side effects of cromolyn sodium inhalation (Intal, Intal Inhaler)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • severe wheezing or chest tightness just after inhaling the medication;
  • skin rash, bruising, severe tingling, numbness, pain, muscle weakness; or
  • fever, swollen glands, rash or itching, joint pain, and a general ill feeling.

Less serious...

Read All Potential Side Effects and See Pictures of Intal Nebulizer Solution

What are the precautions when taking cromolyn sodium inhalation solution (Intal Nebulizer Solution)?

Before using cromolyn, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: liver problems, kidney problems.

During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

It is unknown whether this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before...

Read All Potential Precautions of Intal Nebulizer Solution


Intal Nebulizer Solution Consumer (continued)

SIDE EFFECTS: Coughing, stuffy nose, sneezing, headache, nausea, or tearing may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: dizziness, painful/frequent urination, joint swelling/pain, swollen glands around the cheek (parotid gland), muscle weakness, heartburn.

Infrequently, this medication may cause severe sudden worsening of breathing problems/asthma immediately after use. If you have sudden worsening of breathing, use your quick-relief inhaler and seek immediate medical attention.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

PRECAUTIONS: Before using cromolyn, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: liver problems, kidney problems.

During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

It is unknown whether this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.


Intal Nebulizer Solution Patient Information Including Side Effects

Brand Names: Intal, Intal Inhaler

Generic Name: cromolyn sodium (inhalation) (Pronunciation: KROE moe lin SOE dee um)

  • What is cromolyn sodium inhalation (Intal Nebulizer Solution)?
  • What are the possible side effects of cromolyn sodium inhalation (Intal Nebulizer Solution)?
  • What is the most important information I should know about cromolyn sodium inhalation (Intal Nebulizer Solution)?
  • What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using cromolyn sodium inhalation (Intal Nebulizer Solution)?
  • How should I use cromolyn sodium inhalation (Intal Nebulizer Solution)?
  • What happens if I miss a dose (Intal Nebulizer Solution)?
  • What happens if I overdose (Intal Nebulizer Solution)?
  • What should I avoid while taking cromolyn sodium inhalation (Intal Nebulizer Solution)?
  • What other drugs will affect cromolyn sodium inhalation (Intal Nebulizer Solution)?
  • Where can I get more information?

What is cromolyn sodium inhalation (Intal Nebulizer Solution)?

Cromolyn sodium is an anti-inflammatory medication. It works by preventing the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation.

Cromolyn sodium inhalation is used to prevent asthma attacks in people with bronchial asthma. Cromolyn sodium is also used to prevent bronchospasm (wheezing, chest tightness, trouble breathing) caused by exercise, pollutants in the air, or exposure to certain chemicals.

Cromolyn sodium inhalation may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What are the possible side effects of cromolyn sodium inhalation (Intal Nebulizer Solution)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • severe wheezing or chest tightness just after inhaling the medication;
  • skin rash, bruising, severe tingling, numbness, pain, muscle weakness; or
  • fever, swollen glands, rash or itching, joint pain, and a general ill feeling.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • dry or irritated throat, temporary or occasional cough;
  • sneezing, stuffy or itchy nose, watery eyes;
  • burning or bleeding of your nose;
  • nausea, heartburn, stomach pain;
  • urinating more or less than usual;
  • dizziness, drowsiness, headache; or
  • unusual or unpleasant taste in your mouth.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Tell your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effect. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is the most important information I should know about cromolyn sodium inhalation (Intal Nebulizer Solution)?

You should not use this medication if you are allergic to cromolyn sodium.

Before using cromolyn sodium inhalation, tell your doctor if you have heart disease or a heart rhythm disorder, coronary artery disease, kidney disease, or liver disease.

Do not use cromolyn sodium inhalation to treat an asthma attack that has already begun. It will not work fast enough. Use only a fast-acting inhalation medicine to treat an asthma attack.

Your dosage needs may change if you have surgery, are ill, are under stress, or have recently had an asthma attack. Do not change your doses or stop using cromolyn sodium inhalation without first talking to your doctor. Stopping suddenly or not using enough medicine can make your condition worse.

Talk with your doctor if any of your asthma medications do not seem to work as well in treating or preventing asthma attacks.

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