Doxil

DRUG DESCRIPTION

DOXIL (doxorubicin HCl liposome injection) is doxorubicin hydrochloride (HCl) encapsulated in STEALTH® liposomes for intravenous administration.

Doxorubicin is an anthracycline topoisomerase inhibitor isolated from Streptomyces peucetius var. caesius.

Doxorubicin HCl, which is the established name for (8S,10S)-10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy?- L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-8-glycolyl-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-1-methoxy5,12- naphthacenedione hydrochloride, has the following structure:

DOXIL® (doxorubicin HCl) Structural Formula Illustration

The molecular formula of the drug is C27H29NO11•HCl; its molecular weight is 579.99.

DOXIL (doxorubicin hcl liposome injection) is provided as a sterile, translucent, red liposomal dispersion in 10-mL or 30-Ml glass, single use vials. Each vial contains 20 mg or 50 mg doxorubicin HCl at a concentration of 2 mg/mL and a pH of 6.5. The STEALTH® liposome carriers are composed of N-(carbonyl-methoxypolyethylene glycol 2000)-1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero3- phosphoethanolamine sodium salt (MPEG-DSPE), 3.19 mg/mL; fully hydrogenated soy phosphatidylcholine (HSPC), 9.58 mg/mL; and cholesterol, 3.19 mg/mL. Each mL also contains ammonium sulfate, approximately 2 mg; histidine as a buffer; hydrochloric acid and/or sodium hydroxide for pH control; and sucrose to maintain isotonicity. Greater than 90% of the drug is encapsulated in the STEALTH® liposomes.

MPEG-DSPE has the following structural formula:

HSPC has the following structural formula:

What are the possible side effects of doxorubicin liposomal (Doxil)?

If you experience all of the following serious side effects from doxorubicin liposomal, contact your doctor immediately:

  • an allergic reaction (including difficulty breathing; closing of the throat; swelling of the lips, tongue, or face; or hives);
  • decreased bone marrow function and blood problems (extreme fatigue; easy bruising or bleeding; black, bloody or tarry stools; or fever, chills, or signs of infection);
  • congestive heart failure (difficulty breathing, fluid retention, chest pain);
  • ...

Read All Potential Side Effects and See Pictures of Doxil »

What are the precautions when taking doxorubicin hcl liposome injection (Doxil)?

Before using liposomal doxorubicin, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to doxorubicin; or to other drugs containing polyethylene glycol; or to lincomycin; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: a history of receiving your total maximum dose of any anthracycline-type drug (e.g., doxorubicin, idarubicin, daunorubicin, mitoxantrone).

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: anemia, gout, heart problems,...

Read All Potential Precautions of Doxil »


Doxil Consumer (continued)

SIDE EFFECTS: Body aches/pains, headache, nausea, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, stomach upset, and loss of appetite may occur. Nausea and vomiting can be severe. In some cases, drug therapy may be needed to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting. Not eating before your treatment may help relieve vomiting. Changes in diet and lifestyle, such as eating several small meals and limiting activity, may help lessen some of these effects. If any of these effects continue or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

This medication may give a reddish-orange color to your urine, tears, and sweat. This is a normal effect of the drug and should not be mistaken for blood in your urine.

Treatment with this drug may sometimes cause your hands/feet to develop a skin reaction called hand-foot syndrome (palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia). Notify your doctor promptly if you experience swelling, pain, redness, dryness, peeling, blisters, or tingling/burning of the hands/feet. The symptoms can be made worse by heat/pressure on your hands/feet. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths, and sunlamps, as well as unnecessary exposure to heat (e.g., hot dishwater, long hot baths). Avoid pressure on elbows, knees, and soles of feet (e.g., leaning on elbows, kneeling, long walks). Wear loose clothing. Depending on how severe your hand-foot syndrome is, your doctor may give you something to reduce the symptoms, or decrease or delay your next dose of liposomal doxorubicin.

Temporary hair loss may occur. Normal hair growth should return several months after treatment has ended.

Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: drowsiness, trouble sleeping, mental/mood changes (e.g., anxiety, confusion, depression), cough/hoarseness, redness/pain/swelling of arms/legs, eye redness/itching, unusual tiredness, swelling of ankles/feet, painful/difficult urination, stomach/abdominal pain, yellowing of the skin/eyes, dark urine, black/tarry stools, bloody mucus or discharge in stools, vision changes (e.g., blindness), fast/irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath.

Painful swelling or sores on the lips, mouth and throat may occur. To decrease the risk, limit hot foods and drinks, brush your teeth carefully, avoid using mouthwash that contains alcohol, and rinse your mouth frequently with cool water.

Get medical help right away if this rare but very serious side effect occurs: chest pain.

Within days to weeks after doxorubicin treatment, a serious skin reaction that looks likes a severe sunburn (radiation recall) may develop on any area of skin that has been previously treated with radiation. Tell your doctor immediately if you develop skin redness, pain, tenderness, swelling, peeling, or blisters. Your doctor may prescribe medication to help your skin heal faster and reduce the swelling. Sunlight may worsen any skin reactions that may occur while you are using this drug. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths and sunlamps. Use a sunscreen and wear protective clothing when outdoors.

In children, radiation recall may occur in the lungs. Tell the doctor immediately if you notice wheezing or trouble breathing in the child.

Very rarely, people with cancer who are treated with this type of medication have developed other cancers (e.g., secondary leukemia). Your risk is greater if you have received certain types of chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Consult your doctor for more details.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but fatal reactions have rarely occurred. Get medical help right away if you notice symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, which may include: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

PRECAUTIONS: Before using liposomal doxorubicin, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to doxorubicin; or to other drugs containing polyethylene glycol; or to lincomycin; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: a history of receiving your total maximum dose of any anthracycline-type drug (e.g., doxorubicin, idarubicin, daunorubicin, mitoxantrone).

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: anemia, gout, heart problems, infection, liver problems, radiation treatment (especially to the chest area), kidney problems, a certain immune system problem (neutropenia), low platelet count (thrombocytopenia).

Do not have immunizations/vaccinations without the consent of your doctor, and avoid contact with people who have recently received oral polio vaccine.

To lower the chance of getting cut, bruised or injured, use caution with sharp objects like safety razors and nail cutters, and avoid activities such as contact sports. Use a soft-bristle toothbrush to lower the risk of bleeding gums.

Wash your hands well to prevent the spread of infections.

This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Limit alcoholic beverages.

Caution is advised if using liposomal doxorubicin in children because they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially on the heart.

This medication is not recommended for use during pregnancy. It may harm an unborn baby. It is recommended that men and women use two effective forms of birth control (e.g., condoms and birth control pills) while being treated with this medication and for some time afterward. Consult your doctor for more details and to discuss reliable forms of birth control.

It is not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Because of the potential risk to the infant, breast-feeding while using this drug is not recommended. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.


Doxil Patient Information Including Side Effects

Brand Names: Doxil

Generic Name: doxorubicin liposomal (Pronunciation: DOZ oh ROO bi sin LYE poe SOE mal)

  • What is doxorubicin liposomal (Doxil)?
  • What are the possible side effects of doxorubicin liposomal (Doxil)?
  • What is the most important information I should know about doxorubicin liposomal (Doxil)?
  • Who should not use doxorubicin liposomal (Doxil)?
  • How should I use doxorubicin liposomal (Doxil)?
  • What happens if I miss a dose (Doxil)?
  • What happens if I overdose (Doxil)?
  • What should I avoid while using doxorubicin liposomal (Doxil)?
  • What other drugs will affect doxorubicin liposomal (Doxil)?
  • Where can I get more information?

What is doxorubicin liposomal (Doxil)?

Doxorubicin liposomal is a cancer (antineoplastic) medication. Doxorubicin liposomal interferes with the growth of cancer cells and slows their growth and spread in the body.

Doxorubicin liposomal is used to treat metastatic ovarian cancer and AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma.

Doxorubicin liposomal may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.

What are the possible side effects of doxorubicin liposomal (Doxil)?

If you experience all of the following serious side effects from doxorubicin liposomal, contact your doctor immediately:

  • an allergic reaction (including difficulty breathing; closing of the throat; swelling of the lips, tongue, or face; or hives);
  • decreased bone marrow function and blood problems (extreme fatigue; easy bruising or bleeding; black, bloody or tarry stools; or fever, chills, or signs of infection);
  • congestive heart failure (difficulty breathing, fluid retention, chest pain);
  • irregular heartbeats;
  • tissue or vein reactions near the site of administration;
  • liver damage (abdominal pain, yellowing of the skin or eyes);
  • severe nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and loss of appetite;
  • inflamation and sores inside the mouth, throat, or intestines;
  • fever, chills, or other signs of infection;
  • tingling, burning, redness, flaking, bothersome swelling, small blisters, or small sores on the palms of the hands or soles of the feet;
  • numbness, tingling, or difficult movement of a body part;
  • seizures; or
  • increased levels of uric acid in the body (joint pain and stiffness).

Other, less serious side effects may be more likely to occur. Continue taking doxorubicin liposomal and talk to your doctor if you experience:

  • facial flushing during administration;
  • headache;
  • temporary hair loss; or
  • red colored urine shortly after receiving a dose (may continue for 1 or 2 days).

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is the most important information I should know about doxorubicin liposomal (Doxil)?

Doxorubicin liposomal should only be administered under the supervision of a qualified healthcare provider experienced in the use of cancer chemotherapeutic agents.

Serious side effects have been reported with the use of doxorubicin liposomal including: allergic reactions (difficulty breathing; closing of the throat; swelling of the lips, tongue, or face; or hives); severe heart damage with prolonged use; decreased bone marrow function and blood problems (extreme fatigue; easy bruising or bleeding; black, bloody or tarry stools; fever or chills; or signs of infection); severe nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and loss of appetite; and others. Talk to your doctor about the possible side effects from treatment with doxorubicin liposomal.

Related Drug Centers
  • Doxil


Related Drugs Index: