Mebaral

DRUG DESCRIPTION

Mephobarbital, 5-Ethyl-1-methyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid, is a babiturate with sedative, hypnotic, and anticonvulsant properties. It occurs as a white, nearly odorless, tasteless powder and is slightly soluble in water and in alcohol.

MEBARAL (mephobarbital) is available as tablets for oral administration. The structural formula is:

MEBARAL (mephobarbital) Structural Formula Illustration

Inactive Ingredients: Lactose, Starch, Stearic Acid, Talc.

What are the possible side effects of mephobarbital (Mebaral)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

  • confusion, hallucinations;
  • slow heart rate; or
  • feeling like you might pass out.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • dizziness;
  • memory or thinking problems;
  • feeling nervous or agitated;
  • nausea, vomiting;...

Read All Potential Side Effects and See Pictures of Mebaral

What are the precautions when taking mephobarbital (Mebaral)?

Before taking mephobarbital, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other barbiturates (e.g., phenobarbital); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: a certain blood disorder (porphyria), severe liver disease.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: liver problems, severe breathing problems (e.g., respiratory depression), kidney problems, heart problems, myasthenia gravis, long-term severe...

Read All Potential Precautions of Mebaral


Mebaral Consumer (continued)

SIDE EFFECTS: Drowsiness, dizziness, upset stomach, or headache may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: unusual tiredness, loss of coordination.

A small number of people who take anticonvulsants for any condition (such as seizure, bipolar disorder, pain) may experience depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, or other mental/mood problems. Tell your doctor immediately if you or your family/caregiver notice any unusual/sudden changes in your mood, thoughts, or behavior including signs of depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, thoughts about harming yourself.

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these rare but very serious side effects occur: increasing weakness, easy bruising/bleeding, signs of infection (e.g., fever, persistent sore throat, burning/painful/frequent urination), mouth sores, slowed breathing, slow/fast heartbeat, fainting, persistent nausea/vomiting, dark urine, stomach/abdominal pain, yellowing eyes/skin.

Long-term use of mephobarbital may rarely cause softening of the bones. Your doctor may recommend that you take vitamin D supplements to prevent this. Consult your doctor for details and immediately report any of the following side effects: back/hip/bone pain, bent/broken bones.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction may include: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

PRECAUTIONS: Before taking mephobarbital, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other barbiturates (e.g., phenobarbital); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: a certain blood disorder (porphyria), severe liver disease.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: liver problems, severe breathing problems (e.g., respiratory depression), kidney problems, heart problems, myasthenia gravis, long-term severe underactive-thyroid disease (myxedema), uncontrolled pain, mental/mood problems (e.g., depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts), history of regular use/abuse of drugs/alcohol/other substances, other blood disorders (e.g., megaloblastic anemia).

This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Avoid alcoholic beverages since they can increase drowsiness and increase your seizure risk.

Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist that you are using this medication.

The elderly may be more sensitive to the effects of this drug, especially unusual excitement, depression, and confusion.

During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. It may harm an unborn baby. However, since untreated seizures are a serious condition that can harm both a pregnant woman and her unborn baby, do not stop taking this medication unless directed by your doctor. If you are planning pregnancy, become pregnant, or think you may be pregnant, immediately talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of using this medication during pregnancy. Since birth control pills, patches, implants, and injections may not work if taken with this medication (see also Drug Interactions section), discuss reliable forms of birth control with your doctor.

This medication may lower your folic acid levels, increasing the risk of spinal cord defects. Therefore, check with your doctor to make sure you are taking enough folic acid. Prenatal care should include tests for spinal cord defects.

Small amounts of this drug pass into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.


Mebaral Patient Information Including Side Effects

Brand Names: Mebaral

Generic Name: mephobarbital (Pronunciation: mef oh BAR bi tal)

  • What is mephobarbital (Mebaral)?
  • What are the possible side effects of mephobarbital (Mebaral)?
  • What is the most important information I should know about mephobarbital (Mebaral)?
  • What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking mephobarbital (Mebaral)?
  • How should I take mephobarbital (Mebaral)?
  • What happens if I miss a dose (Mebaral)?
  • What happens if I overdose (Mebaral)?
  • What should I avoid while taking mephobarbital (Mebaral)?
  • What other drugs will affect mephobarbital (Mebaral)?
  • Where can I get more information?

What is mephobarbital (Mebaral)?

Mephobarbital is in a group of drugs called barbiturates (bar-BIT-chur-ates). Mephobarbital slows the activity of your brain and nervous system.

Mephobarbital is used as a sedative to treat anxiety, tension, and apprehension (dreading or feeling uneasy about what you think may happen). Mephobarbital is also used to treat seizures.

Mephobarbital may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What are the possible side effects of mephobarbital (Mebaral)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

  • confusion, hallucinations;
  • slow heart rate; or
  • feeling like you might pass out.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • dizziness;
  • memory or thinking problems;
  • feeling nervous or agitated;
  • nausea, vomiting; or
  • headache.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Tell your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effect. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is the most important information I should know about mephobarbital (Mebaral)?

Do not take this medication if you are allergic to mephobarbital or to other barbiturates such as amobarbital (Amytal), butabarbital (Butisol), secobarbital (Seconal), or phenobarbital (Luminal, Solfoton).

Before taking mephobarbital, tell your doctor if you have liver or kidney disease, anemia, heart disease, asthma or other breathing disorder, or a history of depression, mental illness, suicide attempt, or drug/alcohol addiction.

Do not use mephobarbital without telling your doctor if you are pregnant. It could cause harm to the unborn baby. Use an effective form of birth control, and tell your doctor if you become pregnant during treatment.

Mephobarbital can make birth control pills less effective. Ask your doctor about using a non-hormone method of birth control (such as a condom, diaphragm, spermicide) to prevent pregnancy while taking mephobarbital.

Mephobarbital may be habit-forming and should be used only by the person it was prescribed for. Mephobarbital should never be shared with another person, especially someone who has a history of drug abuse or addiction. Keep the medication in a secure place where others cannot get to it.

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