Vivotif Oral

DRUG DESCRIPTION

Vivotif Oral is an oral, live, attenuated typhoid vaccine for active immunization against typhoid and contains Salmonella typhistrain Ty21a. Each enteric coated capsule contains not fewer than 2 x 109viable organisms.

What are the possible side effects of typhoid vaccine (Vivotif Berna)?

You should not receive a booster dose if you had a life-threatening allergic reaction after taking a typhoid vaccine capsule.

Becoming infected with typhoid is much more dangerous to your health than receiving the vaccine to protect against it. Like any medicine, this vaccine can cause side effects, but the risk of serious side effects is extremely low.

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Less...

Read All Potential Side Effects and See Pictures of Vivotif Oral

What are the precautions when taking typhoid vaccine (Vivotif Oral)?

Before taking the typhoid vaccine, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: current fever/illness, current stomach problems (such as persistent diarrhea/vomiting), immune system problems (such as HIV infection), cancer (such as leukemia, lymphoma).

During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

It is unknown if this medication passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before...

Read All Potential Precautions of Vivotif Oral


Vivotif Oral Consumer (continued)

SIDE EFFECTS: Nausea may occur. If this effect persists or worsens, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Contact your doctor for medical advice about side effects. The following numbers do not provide medical advice, but in the US, you may report side effects to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) at 1-800-822-7967. In Canada, you may call Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

PRECAUTIONS: Before taking the typhoid vaccine, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: current fever/illness, current stomach problems (such as persistent diarrhea/vomiting), immune system problems (such as HIV infection), cancer (such as leukemia, lymphoma).

During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

It is unknown if this medication passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.


Vivotif Oral Patient Information Including Side Effects

Brand Names: Vivotif Berna

Generic Name: typhoid vaccine (live), oral (Pronunciation: TYE foid vax EEN)

  • What is typhoid vaccine (Vivotif Oral)?
  • What are the possible side effects of typhoid vaccine (Vivotif Oral)?
  • What is the most important information I should know about typhoid vaccine (Vivotif Oral)?
  • What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before receiving typhoid vaccine (Vivotif Oral)?
  • How is typhoid vaccine given (Vivotif Oral)?
  • What happens if I miss a dose (Vivotif Oral)?
  • What happens if I overdose (Vivotif Oral)?
  • What should I avoid before or after getting typhoid vaccine (Vivotif Oral)?
  • What other drugs will affect typhoid vaccine (Vivotif Oral)?
  • Where can I get more information?

What is typhoid vaccine (Vivotif Oral)?

Typhoid (also called "typhoid fever") is a serious disease caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria. Typhoid can be fatal if left untreated.

Typhoid can cause high fever, muscle aches, severe headache, weakness, confusion or agitation, loss of appetite, stomach pain, diarrhea or constipation, and rose-colored spots on the skin.

Untreated typhoid infection may lead to kidney failure, or intestinal bleeding caused by perforation (forming of a hole), which can be fatal. If the infection spreads to the gallbladder, the infected person may become a chronic carrier of the bacteria that causes typhoid. A carrier may have no symptoms but is capable of spreading the infection to others.

Typhoid is spread through contact with the stool (bowel movements) of a person infected with the bacteria. This usually occurs by eating food or drinking water that has become contaminated with feces from an infected person. Once in the digestive tract, typhoid infection can spread to the blood and other parts of the body.

Typhoid fever is most common in non-industrialized parts of the world, especially Asia, Africa, and Central or South America. People who travel to those regions are at risk of coming into contact with the disease.

The typhoid vaccine is used to help prevent this disease in adults and children who are at least 6 years old. Although not part of a routine immunization schedule in the U.S., typhoid vaccine is recommended for people who travel to areas where the disease is common.

This vaccine works by exposing you to a small amount of the bacteria, which causes your body to develop immunity to the disease.

Typhoid vaccine will not treat an active infection that has already developed in the body, and will not prevent any disease caused by bacteria other than Salmonella typhi.

Like any vaccine, the typhoid vaccine may not provide protection from disease in every person.

What are the possible side effects of typhoid vaccine (Vivotif Oral)?

You should not receive a booster dose if you had a life-threatening allergic reaction after taking a typhoid vaccine capsule.

Becoming infected with typhoid is much more dangerous to your health than receiving the vaccine to protect against it. Like any medicine, this vaccine can cause side effects, but the risk of serious side effects is extremely low.

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Less serious side effects include:

  • low fever;
  • headache;
  • nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain; or
  • mild skin rash.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Tell your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effect. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is the most important information I should know about typhoid vaccine (Vivotif Oral)?

You should not receive this vaccine if you have ever had an allergic reaction to typhoid vaccine in the past, or if you have fever with any type of infection or illness, or a weak immune system caused by disease or by using certain medicines such as chemotherapy.

Typhoid vaccine should not be used in a person who is a typhoid carrier.

Before you receive this vaccine, tell the doctor if you have any illness with vomiting or diarrhea, if you are taking an antibiotic or sulfa drug (Azulfidine, Bactrim, Cotrim, Gantrisin, Septra, SMX-TMP, Sulfazine), or if you plan to start taking an anti-malaria medication within 10 days after receiving typhoid vaccine.

You can still receive a vaccine if you have a minor cold. In the case of a more severe illness with a fever or any type of infection, the doctor may ask you to wait until you get better before you can receive the vaccine.

The typhoid oral vaccine is given in a series of 4 capsules that are taken 1 per day on alternating days (days 1, 3, 5, and 7). On this alternating-day schedule, you will take 1 capsule every 48 hours for 7 days. You must take each capsule according to the recommended schedule for this vaccine to be effective.

You should complete all doses at least 1 week before your scheduled travel or possible exposure to typhoid.

You must keep typhoid vaccine capsules cold when not in use. Once you receive the capsules from your doctor or pharmacy, take them directly home and place them in the refrigerator. Keep each capsule in the foil blister pack in the refrigerator until you are ready to take it. Do not allow the capsules to freeze.

Like any vaccine, the typhoid vaccine may not provide protection from disease in every person.

In addition to receiving typhoid vaccine, take precautions while traveling such as avoiding raw fruits or vegetables that cannot be peeled, drinks that contain ice, flavored ices that may have been made with contaminated water, unbottled or unboiled water, or any food or beverage purchased from a street vendor.

Related Drug Centers
  • Vivotif


Related Drugs Index: